The Beauceron – What Do They Look Like?
These dogs are large and muscular, with a long head and short, cropped ears. Their dark brown eyes, horizontal or oval, give them a confident expression.
They have a double coat that is typically black and tan, although there are some that have a harlequin coloring with gray patches. The average height for a Beauceron is 24-28 inches (61-71 cm), and they can weigh anywhere from 70-110 pounds (32-50 kg).
The Temperament of a Beauceron
As their size would suggest, Beaucerons are powerful dogs. But they’re also known for being remarkably smart, spirited, and versatile. They have been described as having a Border Collie’s brain in a 100-pound body. Because of their loyalty, obedience, and protective nature, they can be sensitive family companions and protectors.
Beaucerons are working dogs, so they need a lot of exercise – at least an hour a day. Like other herders, they do well in agility training. They’re also quite active indoors, so if you don’t have a yard, and you’re not prepared to deal with a rowdy dog, this might not be the breed for you.
Training a Beauceron
Beaucerons are intelligent canines, so training them can be relatively easy – as long as you’re consistent and patient. They respond well to positive reinforcement, such as treats or praise. However, because of their size and strength, they need to be trained with firmness and authority. Otherwise, they might think they’re in charge.
The Health and Lifespan of a Beauceron
Beaucerons are generally healthy dogs. However, they’re susceptible to certain health conditions that are common in large and deep-chested dogs. The biggest concern is bloat, which is a life-threatening stomach condition. They may also suffer from:
- heart disease,
- hip dysplasia,
- eye problems.
Responsible breeders screen their breeding stock for these conditions and don’t breed unhealthy dogs. Still, we recommend you take your Beauceron to the vet regularly for hip evaluation, eye exams, and cardiac exams. With proper care, Beaucerons can live for 10-12 years.
How to Groom and Care for a Beauceron?
Beaucerons have a short, dense double coat that needs to be brushed weekly with a medium-bristle brush or a hound glove. They’re also heavy shedders, so you’ll need to vacuum frequently. During the shedding season, you may want to brush them daily to remove the dead hair.
These dogs only need to be bathed when they get dirty. However, you’ll need to check their ears regularly and clean them as needed to prevent infection. Their nails should be trimmed monthly – don’t omit the double dew claws – and their teeth should be brushed daily with a dog-safe toothpaste.
Beauceron Breeders and Pricing
Beaucerons are bred for their herding ability, so they need to be able to work with livestock. However, they’re also bred as companions and family protectors. It’s important to find a breeder who is reputable and who can provide you with health clearances for the parents.
They’re purebred dogs, so you can find them through AKC-registered breeders or rescue organizations. Because they’re not as popular as some other breeds, they might be harder to find.
When you do find one, be prepared to pay anywhere from $1,200-$2,500 for a Beauceron puppy. The price depends on the breeder, the dog’s lineage, and whether they’re being bred for show or as a working dog.
The History of the Beauceron Dog Breed
The Beauceron is quite an old breed, having been developed in France in the late 16th century. Their name comes from La Beauce – the plains of Paris where they come from. They were originally bred as farm dogs whose job was to protect sheep and cattle.
In the 19th century, the breed was differentiated from the long-haired Briard, which has a similar ancestry. Veterinarian Paul Megnin made the distinction in 1893 and defined the breed standard together with M. Emmanuel Ball.
In 1922, Megnin started the first club dedicated to the breed, and in 2008 it debuted in the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show. Beaucerons quickly became popular as family companions and watchdogs. Today, they are still used as working dogs in some parts of France, but they’re more popular as family pets.
Who Are Beaucerons Suitable for?
Beaucerons are loyal, obedient, and protective dogs that make great companions for families. They need a lot of exercise and training to be well-behaved, but with the right owner, they can be a loving and faithful friend.
Because of their dominant nature, they’re not suitable for first-time dog owners. They also don’t do very well in apartments or small homes, as they need a lot of space to run and play. If you’re looking for a low-shedding dog, this is not the breed for you.
However, if you can spare the time for training, socialization and giving them plenty of exercise, a Beauceron could be the perfect dog for you. They get along well with children and other pets, including dogs and cats.
Fun Facts about the Beauceron Dog Breed
Looking for interesting facts to tell your friends when they ask you about your dog? Here you go!
- The Beauceron is also known as the Berger de Beauce (the Beauce Sheepdog), Bas Rouge (Red Stocking), or Beauce Shepherd.
- They were used in World War I and II to deliver messages, transport supplies, pick up on land mines, and rescue injured soldiers.
- They are one of the few breeds that have double dewclaws on their hind legs. And they’re not just cosmetic – they make it easier for the dog to walk on uneven terrain.
- Their outer coat is waterproof, which is a natural consequence of their history as an outdoor working dog.
Interested in Adopting a Beauceron?
If you’re considering adopting a Beauceron, be sure to do your research first. They’re not the right breed for everyone, but if you have the time and patience to train them, they can be a loving and loyal companion.
When adopting from a shelter or rescue organization, be sure to ask about the dog’s history and health. You might be able to find an adult dog who is already trained, which can be a great option for first-time owners.
Do you think a Beauceron would be a good fit for your family? Let us know in the comments below!
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