The Pumi is a Hungarian dog breed known for its herding abilities and is a mix of a shepherd and a terrier. They are curious, active and lively and love to give affection to their owners. They are considered a rare breed and were recognized by AKC only recently. Read on the learn more about this unique Hungarian herding dog breed.

Pumi History

The breed’s history begins in 17th or 18th century, when German and French terriers were brough to Hungary and were bred with a dog breed, puli. Pumi is thought to have developed from these mixed breedings. Pumik were popular herding dogs in Hungary and were also used for hunting vermin, rabbits and foxes. In 1921, pumi was recognized as a distinct breed and they were recognized as a standard breed, which was approved by the FCI in 1935. The breed evolved spontaneously and were not bred for a certain type or standard. Pumik were used as all-purpose farm dogs and were also common in villages. Pumis became popular in the United States in the late 20th century, although they are still considered a rare breed. In 2016, the American Kennel Club recognized the Pumi as a member of their herding group. Pumis are still used as herding and working dogs in Hungary, but they are also becoming popular as companion dogs in the United States and other countries.

Pumi Appearance

Pumi can come in a variety of colors, including black and white, brindle, fawn, silver gray and gray. They can have brindle markings or black and tan markins and their coat is either wavy or curly. They’re about 17 inches tall and weigh about 25 pounds, so they are medium-sized dogs. Their ears are erect, pointing sideways and their muzzle is strong with a tapering. The tail is raised and arches over the back, forming a complete circle from bottom to top. It may hang down in repose. Their nose is always black, regardless of the coat color and their eyes are dark brown. The pumi posture is square, with the front legs being straight and the hindquarters being slightly angled. They have an alert and lively expression. Pumi’s coat looks shaggy but is actually quite dense.

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Pumi Maintenance and Grooming

The Pumi has a coat made up of 50 percent soft hair and 50 percent more resistant hair, which are both the same length. He should be combed every three to six weeks, and then his coat should be wetted down for it to curl back up. The coat should be plucked and trimmed, meaning that before each bath, you should remove any dead hair firstly with your rubber finger tips. Remember that the hair is curly and when it’s dry and curled again, it will appear shorter, so don’t overdo the trimming. Pumi’s also need their nails clipped and their teeth brushed twice a week to prevent tartar buildup.

Activity Level

Pumis are very energetic dogs, so they need at least 45 minutes of exercise every day, including a good long walk or run. They’re also great for activities like agility, obedience, and flyball. Since they are herding dogs, Pumis often like to chase things, so it’s important that you provide them with an outlet for this energy, whether it’s with another dog or a toy. Make sure that you give your Pumi plenty of toys to keep him occupied, as he can become bored easily.


Pumis require a diet that is high in protein and fat to maintain their energy levels. They also need a diet that is low in carbohydrates to prevent them from becoming overweight. Pumis should eat two meals per day, and it’s important to make sure that they’re getting the right balance of nutrients in their diet. 1.2 cups a day is a good starting point for their food intake, but this may need to be adjusted based on their activity level and weight.


Pumis are smart dogs who learn quickly, but they can also be willful, so it’s important to start training early and to be consistent with it. Pumi’s also need a lot of socialization to other people and animals when they’re young so that they don’t become shy or aggressive when they’re older. Pumis can be reactive to other animals, so it’s important that you introduce him to different types of animals in a positive way. Pumis are also known for their escape artist abilities, so it’s important to keep them on a leash or in a secure area when they’re not being supervised.

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Pumi Temperament and Personality

Pumi tend to be active, playful, attentive and curious. They enjoy mental and physical stimulation and are very trainable so long as their owner is consistent, patient and uses positive reinforcement. Pumi also have a strong prey drive so it’s important tosocialize them well with other animals if you intend to keep them in a multi-pet home. Pumi can be vocal and bark when they want attention or feel threatened and may be quite loud so they’re not very suitable for an apartment living. Pumis are observant of strangers before they approach and they’re quire reserved, although not aggressive. They’re good watchdogs and love to hunt for other small animals, like rodents. They also have a tendency to dig to search for their pray and herd people. However, they are highly trainable and eager to please the owner, so Pumis make great pets for those who are willing to put in the time and effort to train them.

Pumi Health

The average lifespan of a Pumi is 12-14 years and they generally have good health. Pumis are a hardy breed and are not prone to many health problems, but like all dogs, they can be affected by some conditions. Some of the more common health issues include:

  • hip dysplasia;
  • patella luxation;
  • degenerative myleopathy;
  • primary lens luxation;
  • dental disease.

Hip dysplasia is a condition where the hip joint is not properly formed and can cause pain and lameness. Patella luxation is a condition where the kneecap pops out of place, causing pain and lameness. Degenerative myleopathy is a degenerative disease of the spinal cord that causes paralysis. Primary lens luxation is a condition where the eye lens slips out of place, causing pain and blindness. Dental disease is a common problem in dogs, and Pumis are no exception. Poor dental care can lead to gum disease, tooth loss, and pain, so it is important to take care of your pumi’s dental hygiene.

Pumi Puppies Price

The price for a Pumi puppy can vary depending on the quality, breeder, and other factors. Pumi puppies from a reputable breeder can cost anywhere from $2000-$3000 and they’re considered to be pricey breed. Pumi dogs are not very common in the United States and they’re still considered to be a rare breed. Pumi puppies are not easy to find and it may take some time to locate a reputable breeder.

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For Whom?

Pumi is a specifically designed breed of dog for people who appreciate an active, working dog as well as a loving family companion. Pumi are easily trained and have a natural instinct to herd and protect. Pumi make great agility dogs, and excel in any activity that challenges their minds and bodies. If you are looking for a dog that will keep you entertained and engaged, a Pumi is the perfect breed for you.

If you have young children in the family, it is important to note that Pumi can be high energy and may unintentionally knock small children over. Pumi are also known to be escape artists, so it is important to have a secure yard or home if you are considering this breed. Pumi are also barkers and will alert their family to any potential danger, which can be useful in some situations but may be unwelcome in others. Pumi are intelligent and have a lot of energy, so they need an owner who is willing to provide them with plenty of exercise and stimulation. If you are looking for a dog that will be a lifelong friend and companion, a Pumi is the perfect breed for you, as long as you provide them with necessary attention, activity and training that pumi wants.

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