History of the Scottish Terrier
Scottish Terriers are one of the oldest breeds of dog, with a history that dates back to the 16th century. The breed was originally developed to hunt vermin and rodents, and it remains an excellent hunting companion to this day.
They had belonged to a broad group of Skye Terriers alongside with breeds today known as West Highland White Terrier, Cairn Terrier and Skye Terrier. The breeders opted for purebred Scottish Terriers in the early 19th century; however, it wasn’t until the 1930s that they were recognized by the UK Kennel Club. Thanks to the Scottish Terrier Club of America (STCA), Scotties were recognized in the United States a few years earlier.
Scottish Terrier’s Name
The Scottish Terrier, also known as the Aberdeen Terrier, Scotch Terrier or simply a Scottie. There are a few theories on the origins of the Scottish Terrier name. One possibility is that the name simply comes from the fact that this terrier breed was developed in Scotland first. Another theory is that the name refers to the terrier’s hunting ability; in Scotland, terriers were often used to hunt foxes and other small game. Regardless of the true origin of the name, there is no doubt that Scottish Terriers are a beloved part of Scottish culture.
Scottish Terrier Dog Breed
The Scottish Terrier is distinguished by its distinctive shape and dour expression. While they are not typically thought of as working dogs, Scotties have been known to lend a helping hand on the farm or even in law enforcement. These days, Scottish Terriers are more likely to be found lounging on a couch than chasing prey, but they still possess many of the same qualities that made them successful hunters.
Scottish Terriers – Breed Characteristics
The breed is easily recognizable thanks to its distinctive appearance, which includes a short coat, erect ears, and a long, bearded snout. They are around 10 inches tall. The ideal weight of a Scottish Terrier is 19 to 22 pounds (8.6 to 10.0 kg). Bitches don’t differ much from the males. According to the American Kennel Club, the Scottish Terrier’s head should be a bit longer in proportion to its size. Their coat is double, with a soft undercoat and a wiry outer coat. They can be either solid black, wheaten (light brown), brindle (striped), or gray in color.
Their eyes are typically small, dark, and set well into the skull. Some would describe their gaze as piercing. Small round ears that fold over at the tips and are covered with short hair hang close to the head. The AKC states that standard Scottish Terriers are stocky with short legs. The breed standard dictates that they have a “level topline” and their tail should be “customarily erect.”
Scottish Terrier’s Litter
A litter of Scottish Terrier puppies is typically born six to eight weeks after the mother dog has been impregnated by the father. Litters of this breed can range in size from two to ten puppies, but the average litter size is six. The Scottish Terrier is a small breed of dog, and as such, their puppies are also small. At birth, they typically weigh between eight and sixteen ounces.
The puppies are born blind and deaf, and their eyes will not open for another two to three weeks. During this time, they are completely dependent on their mother for food and warmth. After about six weeks, the puppies will be old enough to leave their mother. They should be started on basic obedience training as early as possible, and socialization is also critical.
Scotties Grooming Needs
They require hand-stripping two to three times per year, or more often if a more showy look is desired. In addition, Scottish Terriers are prone to dry skin, so they may require occasional baths with a mild shampoo. To keep their coat healthy and looking its best, Scottish Terriers need to be groomed on a regular basis. Visiting a professional groomer might be beneficial.
Scottish Terrier Health Risks
The average lifespan for the breed is 12-14 years. With good nutrition and regular exercise, some Scottish Terriers have been known to live well into their teens. But like all breeds, they come with their own set of health risks. One of the most common health problems in Scottish Terriers is von Willebrand disease, a blood-clotting disorder that can be fatal if not treated properly. Other health risks include craniomandibular osteopathy, a condition that affects the jawbone, and various types of cancer. Sadly, The Scottish Terrier breed is very susceptible to these.
Scottish Terriers are a breed of dog that is susceptible to a condition known as Scottie cramp. This condition is characterized by muscle spasms and stiffness, and it can be quite painful for affected dogs. There is no cure for Scottie cramp, but the condition can be managed with medication and physical therapy. Some Scottish Terriers are able to live relatively normal lives despite their condition, while others may require more frequent veterinary care. Regardless of the severity of Scottie cramp, affected dogs typically have a good prognosis and can enjoy a long and happy life.
Scottish Terrier Temperament
The breed is known for its independent and willful personality, and its reputation as a bit of a stubborn dog. However, Scottish Terriers are also incredibly loyal and loving creatures, and they make great companion animals. They are relatively easy to train, and they require multiple daily walks. Scottish Terriers do best in homes with older children, as younger children can be easily injured by rough play. They are also generally good around other dogs; although, because of their prey drive, Scottish Terriers may view smaller animals as potential prey.
Scotties and Swimming
While all dogs are different, and some may be better swimmers than others, Scottish Terriers are not known for being strong swimmers. In fact, it’s often recommended that owners of Scottish Terriers avoid taking them to bodies of water where there is a risk of them getting submerged, as they may panic and drown. This is not to say that Scottish Terriers can’t learn to swim – with the help of a life jacket and some patience, some owners have had success teaching their dogs to enjoy the water.
Versatility of the Scottish Terrier
Scottish Terriers are one of the most popular breeds of show dogs. They are known for their strong build, bold personality, and shaggy coat. Scottish Terriers are also very intelligent and easy to train. As a result, they excel in a variety of dog sports such as obedience, agility, and fly ball.
In addition to being great athletes, Scottish Terriers are also excellent companion dogs. They are loyal and affectionate with their families and make great watchdogs. With their intelligence and trainability, Scottish Terriers make excellent therapy dogs as well. In short, Scottish Terriers are versatile dogs that can excel in a variety of roles.
The Price of Scotties
These dogs typically cost between $1,000 and $2,000, depending on their age, gender, and whether they are purebred or mixed-breed. The price may also vary depending on the breeder’s reputation and whether the dog has been obedience-trained or socialized. There are some pups available for a cheaper price; however, it’s important to always buy them from a reputable breeder.
Fun Facts About Scottish Terriers
Below are fun facts about Scotties:
- Several celebrities and historical figures have owned Scotties, including Queen Victoria, Jackie Kennedy, and Rachel Ray.
- President Franklin D. Roosevelt had a Scottie named Fala. She’s been honored as a statue in the FDR Memorial.
- George W. Bush had two Scottish Terriers: Barney and Mis Beazley.
- Scottish Terriers lived in the White House more than three times.
- Scottish Terrier is a player token in the Monopoly board game.
- Pocket Size Charm: Cairn Terrier Dog Breed
- Dandie Dinmont Terrier: Dog Breed Characteristics, Grooming, Health and Temperament
- Lakeland Terrier: Dog Breed Characteristics, Temperament and Care
- Introducing the Welsh Terrier Dog Breed: Breed Characteristics, Temperament, and More on Welsh Terriers
- A Complete Guide to the Toy Fox Terrier Dog Breed. The American Toy: Breed Characteristics, Puppies & Temperament
- Meet the Manchester Terrier: A Dog Breed for All Ages
- The Australian Terrier – Australia’s Oldest Dog Breed
- The Fox Terrier: The Hunter’s Helper and Children’s Playmate in One