Breed Characteristics

The Norfolk Terrier is a small dog that stands about ten inches tall and weighs around twelve pounds. They have a wiry coat that is medium in length. They come in a variety of colors, including black and tan, grizzle, brown, red, wheaten, and white. The Norfolk Terrier has a characteristic “terrier” look, with a long muzzle and pointy ears.

Norfolk Terrier vs Norwich Terrier

The main way to tell a Norfolk Terrier from its cousin, the Norwich Terrier, is by their size. Norfolks are significantly smaller than Norwich Terriers. While they may look similar, there are also some very distinct physical differences between the two breeds that can easily be spotted. Norfolk Terriers have a black and tan coat, while Norwich Terriers have a reddish-brown coat with a white blaze on their chest. Norfolks also have a characteristic “wedge” shaped head, while Norwich Terriers have a more rounded head shape. Finally, Norfolk Terriers have ears that stand up straight, while Norwich Terriers have drop ears.

Temperament

Norfolks are an active and playful breed that loves to run and play outdoors. They are also known for their high level of intelligence and often excel in obedience training. These dogs are very loyal and protective of their family, making them a great choice for homes with children.

Bark

This little dog’s bark has a high-pitched and emphatic quality. Some people even refer to the Norfolk Terrier’s bark as a yodel. It is distinct and easily recognizable, which can be both a good and bad thing, depending on the context. Norfolk Terriers are also prone to barking if they hear or see something out of the ordinary. This can be a nuisance for owners who are trying to relax or sleep, but it is also a good way to alert people of potential danger.

Health

Norfolks have a lifespan of around twelve to fourteen years and are considered to be a healthy breed with few health concerns. They are prone to some health issues, such as patellar luxation (dislocation of the kneecap), but are overall sturdy dogs. Some other common health concerns for Norfolk Terriers include eye problems, von Willebrand’s disease (a blood clotting disorder), and allergies.

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Patellar Luxation

Norfolk Terriers are particularly prone to developing patellar luxation, a condition in which the knee cap slips out of place. This can cause pain and lameness in the affected leg. In severe cases, the dog may not be able to use the leg at all. Treatment for patellar luxation typically includes surgery to correct the problem and physical therapy to help the dog regain strength and mobility. With proper care, most dogs with patellar luxation can lead happy, healthy lives.

Eye Problems

Norfolk Terriers are a particularly prone to eye problems. Some of the most common issues include:

  • Conjunctivitis: This is an inflammation or infection of the conjunctiva, which is the membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the white part of the eyes. Symptoms can include redness, swelling, itchiness, and discharge. Conjunctivitis can be caused by a variety of things, including allergies, bacteria, viruses, or contact lenses.
  • Keratoconjunctivitis sicca: Also known as dry eye syndrome, this is a condition in which the eyes do not produce enough tears to keep them lubricated. This can lead to a number of symptoms, including eye irritation, redness, and sensitivity to light.
  • Glaucoma: This is a condition in which the pressure inside the eye increases, leading to damage to the optic nerve. Symptoms can include vision loss, pain, and redness. Glaucoma is often caused by a build-up of fluid in the eye, and can be treated with medication or surgery.

Von Wilebrand’d Disease

Norfolk Terriers are prone to von Willebrand disease, a bleeding disorder that can cause extensive bleeding. The disorder is caused by a lack of von Willebrand factor, a protein that helps blood clot. Symptoms of von willebrand disease include excessive bleeding from the mouth, nose, and rectum, as well as bruising and petechiae (tiny red spots on the skin caused by bleeding under the surface). Dogs with von willebrand disease may also experience episodes of hemorrhagic shock, in which they lose a large amount of blood. Treatment for von willebrand disease includes replacement of von Willebrand factor, administration of clotting factors, and prevention of trauma. Dogs with von Willebrand disease should avoid strenuous activity and surgery.

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Care and Maintenance

Activity

Norfolk Terriers need a moderate amount of activity. Norfolk Terriers can live in both apartments and houses, but should have at least a small yard to run around in. They should ideally be walked for at least 20 minutes twice a day, but can also get their exercise indoors playing catch or taking part in other interactive games. Like all terrier breeds, Norfolk Terriers are bred to hunt and have high energy levels, so they can become restless and destructive if not given enough exercise. They are also prone to obesity, so it’s important to keep them active and food portions in check.

Grooming

When it comes to grooming a Norfolk Terrier, they have a short, low-maintenance coat. These dogs require very little grooming, and a good brushing once a week should be sufficient to keep their coat healthy and free of mats. They do not shed very much, making them a good choice for people with allergies. While they generally don’t need a bath very often, you may want to give them one every few months or so, especially if they get themselves dirty. Their nails should be trimmed regularly, and their ears should be checked for moisture and redness, which could be a sign of infection. Overall, Norfolk Terriers are pretty easy to take care of and don’t require a lot of grooming. You can use help from a professional groomer, but it’s not necessary.

Cost

Norfolk Terrier puppies can cost anywhere from $2000 to $3000, depending on the breeder. Some of the best breeders are located in the United Kingdom, which is their country of origin, and prices for puppies from these breeders can be significantly higher.

The History of the Norfolk Terrier

Then

The Norfolk Terrier is a small, hardy dog that was originally bred by English farmers in the Norfolk region of England in the 19th century as both farm and hunting dogs. Thanks to their small size, they could fit into tight spaces, which made them a perfect breed for fox hunting. They were also used as ratters, meaning that they were bred to kill vermin, and they are still known for their exceptional rat-hunting skills. The breed was first recognized by the Kennel Club of England in 1932.

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Now

In the early 20th century, the breed was brought to the United States, where it became popular among the working class because of their rat hunting abilities, and soon the love for Norfolk Terriers spread over to dog enthusiasts. The Norfolk Terrier was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1979.

Norfolk Terriers – For Whom?

Norfolk Terriers make wonderful pets for people who are looking for a small dog that is both playful and affectionate. They are also relatively easy to train and do well with both children and other pets that are close to them in size. Smaller animals, such as hamsters, may not be as safe around Norfolk terriers, as the dog may see them as prey. If you are interested in adding a Norfolk Terrier to your family, be sure to budget for the initial purchase price as well as regular vet check-ups and preventive care.


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